Sub-categories
Introduction to Application of the NESC
Smart Grid
Sustainable Green Engineering
eLearning Series on Industrial Electronics

  • Author: Rosinger, Sven
    Sponsored by:IEEE Educational Activities
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: April-2012
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract

    The latest generation of electronic devices--integrated circuits or discrete components--are often required to operate in harsh environmental conditions. This includes situations where the temperature may reach over 100 degrees C (212 degrees F) . Obviously, this has a negative impact on several parameters of the electronic devices. These can range from slow-down and transient (recoverable) errors to permanent failures and device breakdown. To further complicate the picture, electronic components tend to get warmer on their own as they operate, due to the fact that the power drawn by the devices from the power supply is dissipated by the Joule effect.

    As time passes, heat and temperature management is becoming increasingly
    problematic for both economic and technological reasons.Packages that are able to sustain high temperatures are very expensive, and so are heat-sinks and cooling systems. In addition, high operating temperatures tend to cause malfunctioning of circuits and components and to shorten their lifetimes, thus impacting the reliability of the electronic products which incorporate such devices. The development of a new, thermal-aware design platform can no longer be postponed if the goal is to enable designers to fully exploit the semiconductor technologies of the future, regardless if these are CMOS or CMOS alternatives. At the core of this new design platform lies an early but
    correct thermal estimation which allows the designer to optimize its
    design regarding the expected temperature behavior of the finished product.

    The goal of this tutorial is to provide an overview of such a high-level thermal estimation flow which addresses the following challenges:

    1) Getting power values for a high-level description of the design
    2) Specification of thermal relevant package information
    3) Overview of different approaches for a thermal simulation

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author: Badrzadeh, Babak
    Sponsored by: IEEE Industry Applications Society, IEEE Power and Energy Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Feb-2012
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract

    This tutorial first presents the power system interaction issues between the AC and DC systems, various solutions realized in practice to mitigate these problems, and the use of HVDC transmission for system performance enhancement. The interaction issues discussed include the commutation failure, response to AC and DC faults, various types of overvoltage and undervoltage, harmonic instabilities and torsional interactions. Different types of simulation models and power system planning and design studies for HVDC transmission systems are then discussed. A comparison of different HVDC transmission technologies with an HVAC transmission system is also presented.

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author: Badrzadeh, Babak
    Sponsored by: IEEE Industry Applications Society, IEEE Power and Energy Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Feb-2012
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract

    This tutorial presents the fundamental principles and practical aspects of HVDC transmission systems. It begins with an introduction into the main market drivers of HVDC transmission. A comparison of the AC and DC interconnection schemes is provided, and various commercially available HVDC transmission systems and converter configurations are overviewed. The main components of HVDC transmission systems are then presented, and the economics, efficiency, footprint, track record and reliability of DC links are elaborated on.

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Weiss, Joseph
    Sponsored by:IEEE Educational Activities Department
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Aug-2009
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course will begin with an introduction to industrial control systems (SCADA, DCS, PLC, RTU, IED, field devices, meters, etc) and will explain what makes control systems different than business IT. Potential mitigation approaches including policies and technologies will be discussed. Example control system cyber events and their ramifications will be presented. Finally, current industry and government activities to secure ICS will be discussed.

    Keywords: Access , Adversary , Authentication , Availability , Backup , Boundary , Compromise , Confidentiality , Configuration , Consequence , Cyber attack , Firewall , Forensics , Proxy server , Susceptibility , TCP , UDP , Unidirectional communications , VPN , Vulnerability

    Keywords: smart grid

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Weiss, Joseph
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power and Energy Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory
    Publication Date: Jan-2006
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course will familiarize learners with the need to strengthen the protection of the control systems used in the industry against cyber (electronic) threats. The control systems addressed include SCADA systems; IEDs; substation automation systems; and distribution control systems. The course will identify the major threats; and outline practical suggestions about how the security of these systems may be enhanced.

    Keywords: smart grid, SCADA , data acquisition , distributed control system , field devices , intelligent electronic device , programmable logic controller , remote terminal unit , sensors , supervisory control

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Middlebrook, R. David
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Jul-2005
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    AbstractThis tutorial introduces the General Feedback Theorem (GFT). Feedback systems are usually designed with the familiar single-loop block diagram in mind. Various nonidealities, such as unavoidable minor loops and direct forward transmission, make the single-loop block diagram progressively less useful. The GFT defines a "natural" block diagram model that is identical in format to the single-loop model that is conventionally assumed; thus providing a desirable link between general feedback theory and a detailed circuit diagram analyzed in terms of factored pole-zero transfer functions. The GFT is illustrated on a potentially unstable Darlington emitter/source follower stage, and leads to design criteria that limit the maximum peaking regardless of the value of the load capacitance. Another example is a two-stage feedback amplifier having various nonidealities, including loading interactions at all points, direct forward transmission, and two minor loops. The GFT is computer friendly and emphasis is on the numerical and graphical results obtained by use of an Intusoft ICAP/4 circuit simulator.

    Keywords: D-OA , Design-Oriented Analysis , General Feedback Theorem (GFT) , H (a first-level Transfer Function (TF)) , ideal current injection point , ideal voltage injection point , ndi (null double i , nonidealities , redundancy relation , si (single injection condition)

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.
  • Access Now

    Author:Rincón-Mora, Gabriel
    Sponsored by:IEEE Circuits & Systems Society , Microwave Theory & Techniques Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Mar-2006
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    The role of Radio-Frequency (RF) Power Amplifiers (PAs) in today's and tomorrow's consumer and state-of-the-art electronics is crucial, catering to the stringent performance (i.e.; linearity and output power) and real-estate (i.e.; size) requirements of portable systems and the power limitations of battery-powered applications. Key to the success of any portable device is battery life (or runtime), and PAs can be a significant and detrimental load in this regard, especially because they capture a significant portion of the total power budget and they characteristically have poor power efficiencies. This course will address the advent of dynamically adaptive biasing schemes in PA applications to increase power efficiencies, which is generally done by essentially transforming and redefining the operating environment of the PA for maximum performance at optimum power levels, and consequently prolonging battery life.

    Keywords: (Circuit or signal) Bandwidth , Adjacent Channel Power Ratio , Bit-Error Rate , Code-Division Multiple Access , Envelop Elimination and Restoration (circuit technique) , Error-Vector Magnitude , Global Systems for Mobile communications , Noise to (channel) , Peak-to-Average (power) Ratio , Power Amplifier

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Mohan, Ned
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory/intermediate
    Publication Date: May-2006
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This is a 2-part tutorial. The second-half of the course will examine the basis of vector control and encoder-less operation of ac machines in order to design speed and position controllers for such machines. After completing this course you should be able to develop an understanding of the basis of vector control and encoder-less operation of ac machines.

    Keywords: Direct Torque Control (DTC) , Electric Drives , Electric Motor Drives , Power Processing Unit , Rotor d-axis Winding Set , Rotor q-axis , Slip frequency , Slip speed , Space Vectors , Stator d-axis Winding Set

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Mohan, Ned
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory
    Publication Date: May-2006
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This is a 2-part tutorial. The first-half of this course will focus on the basics and analyze induction and permanent-magnet ac machines in a way that clearly explains how these machines operate on a physical basis; and hence how they ought to be controlled for optimum performance.

    Keyboard: AC Motors , Electric Motor Drives , Generator Mode , Induction Motor Drives , PMAC Motor Drives , Power Processing Unit , Slip frequency , Slip speed , Space Vectors , Synchronous speed

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Miller, John
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: May-2010
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time


    Abstract
    This tutorial is targeted at technologists interested in advancing and/or exploiting electrochemical capacitor technology. The fundamentals part of the lecture covers the nature and significance of “electric double layer” and “pseudocapacitance” charge storage and compares and contrasts these charge storage mechanisms with traditional capacitor and battery technologies. Basic design rules for electrochemical capacitor components are covered including power/energy, Ragone relation, and parameter characterization. In addition, electrochemical capacitors will be compared and contrasted with the properties and performance of electrostatic and electrolytic capacitors, as well as with those of several battery technologies. The fundamentals part will conclude with the present status of electrochemical capacitor technology, available commercial and near-commercial products, manufacturers of these products, and projections of future performance levels.

    The application engineering part of the lecture provides a systems engineering perspective on the use of ultracapacitors in various industrial, utility or transportation installations. These are illustrated with case studies to expand on the materials presented. Case studies included are representative of the uninterruptible power supply, UPS, material handling such as gantry cranes, heavy industrial equipment such as excavators, telecommunications and transportation areas.

    Keywords: Capacitors , electronics , power

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Miller, John
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: May-2010
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time



    Abstract
    This tutorial is targeted at technologists interested in advancing and/or exploiting electrochemical capacitor technology. The fundamentals part of the lecture covers the nature and significance of “electric double layer” and “pseudocapacitance” charge storage and compares and contrasts these charge storage mechanisms with traditional capacitor and battery technologies. Basic design rules for electrochemical capacitor components are covered including power/energy, Ragone relation, and parameter characterization. In addition, electrochemical capacitors will be compared and contrasted with the properties and performance of electrostatic and electrolytic capacitors, as well as with those of several battery technologies. The fundamentals part will conclude with the present status of electrochemical capacitor technology, available commercial and near-commercial products, manufacturers of these products, and projections of future performance levels.

    The application engineering part of the lecture provides a systems engineering perspective on the use of ultracapacitors in various industrial, utility or transportation installations. These are illustrated with case studies to expand on the materials presented. Case studies included are representative of the uninterruptible power supply, UPS, material handling such as gantry cranes, heavy industrial equipment such as excavators, telecommunications and transportation areas.

    Keywords: Capacitors , electronics , power

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author: Badrzadeh, Babak and Smith, Kenneth
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: June-2010
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract

    The principles of operation, performance issues, application guide, market status and power system studies required for high power variable speed drive systems is presented in this tutorial. The focus of the tutorial is on the Line Commutated Inverter (LCI) and Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) drives. The tutorial spans from entry level topics such as a survey of high power, power semiconductor devices, to intermediate level topics including drive configuration, high dv/dt stresses applied to VSI drives and drive control techniques, to in depth analysis of advanced topics including the factors influencing inter-harmonic levels in variable speed drives, and torsional vibration of the variable speed drives by harmonics and inter-harmonics. Several practical examples obtained from simulation studies carried out on power systems comprising variable speed drives are presented which discuss these issues. A comprehensive performance comparison of all practical drive configurations and power semiconductor devices is provided. The advantages and disadvantages of each configuration for different market sectors are highlighted.

    Keywords: harmonics , high power variable speed drives , power semiconductor devices , power systems , speed drives , variable speed drives

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author: Badrzadeh, Babak
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: June-2010
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    The principles of operation, performance issues, application guide, market status and power system studies required for high power variable speed drive systems is presented in this tutorial. The focus of the tutorial is on the Line Commutated Inverter (LCI) and Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) drives. The tutorial spans from entry level topics such as a survey of high power, power semiconductor devices, to intermediate level topics including drive configuration, high dv/dt stresses applied to VSI drives and drive control techniques, to in depth analysis of advanced topics including the factors influencing inter-harmonic levels in variable speed drives, and torsional vibration of the variable speed drives by harmonics and inter-harmonics. Several practical examples obtained from simulation studies carried out on power systems comprising variable speed drives are presented which discuss these issues. A comprehensive performance comparison of all practical drive configurations and power semiconductor devices is provided. The advantages and disadvantages of each configuration for different market sectors are highlighted.

    Keywords: harmonics , high power variable speed drives , power semiconductor devices , power systems , speed drives , variable speed drives

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Miller, John
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Intermediate
    Publication Date: Dec-2005
    Run Time: 1:40:00
    CEUs: .6
    PDHs: 6
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course will begin by providing a historical perspective of Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Next an overview of the Toyota input split e-CVT fundamentals and operation, and the Ford input split e-CVT fundamentals and operation will be presented. The course will then focus on e-CVT dynamics. Electric variator theory and input split examples will be provided followed by a presentation of GM-Allison compound split fundamentals and operation. Next, compound split dynamics will be presented followed by the Timken compound split system and the Renault compound split system. Finally, energy storage system technologies will be presented as well as a summary and cost illustrations.

    Keywords: Base ratio, k , Driveability , Hybrid functions , Hybrid types , Net driveline power , Parallel hybrid , Power split , Series hybrid , Series-parallel switching , Variator

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Torrey, David
    Sponsored by:IEEE Industry Applications Society
    Tutorial Level: Advanced
    Publication Date: Apr-2006
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This tutorial is intended for those who are new to the field of power electronics. It discusses the disciplines that support power electronics and provides some motivational examples that serve to illustrate how the form of power converters is developed to perform a function. Some elements of how power converters are controlled is also covered. The tutorial ends with a discussion of relevant reference materials.

    Keywords: Apparent Power , Average Power , Converter , Displacement Power Factor , Distortion , Distortion Power Factor , Filter , Inverter , Orthogonality , Periodic , Periodic Steady State , Power Electronics , Power Factor , Rectifier , Switch-mode , Topology

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Stout, Roger
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory/Intermediate
    Publication Date: Feb-2007
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course will introduce the overall approach to semiconductor device thermal characterization. The course will also focus on the principle of linear superposition as applied to thermal system design.

    Keywords: junction temperature , linear combination , linear network , linear superposition , psi , reciprocity , response , thermal/electrical analogy , theta , theta matrix

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Stout, Roger
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory/Intermediate
    Publication Date: Feb-2007
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course will provide an in-depth presentation of specific and highly non-linear thermal failure mechanisms (thermal runaway). The course will discuss how it arises and how it may be analyzed. The focus will be within the particular context of power semiconductor devices, but it should also become evident how the concept may be applied more generally.

    Keywords: ambient , linear superposition , operating point , perfect runaway , power law device , psi , thermal runaway , theta , theta matrix , theta-JA

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Halpin, S. Mark
    Sponsored by:IEEE Industrail Applications Society , IEEE Power and Energy Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory
    Publication Date: Mar-2009
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This course gives an overview of power quality with an emphasis on IEEE and IEC standards. Technical areas that are briefly covered include: voltage sags, grounding, harmonics, voltage flicker, and transients.

    Keywords: Interruption , Isolation , Noise , Notch , Power Quality , Sag , Swell , Transient , Voltage distortion

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.

  • Access Now

    Author:Scott, John
    Sponsored by:IEEE Power Electronics Society
    Tutorial Level: Introductory
    Publication Date: Jun-2005
    Run Time: 1:00:00
    CEUs: .3
    PDHs: 3
    ECSA CPD (Category 1 - Development Activities): 1 - Includes study time

    Abstract
    This tutorial presents an overview of the fundamentals of fuel cell engineering and of the history of fuel cell development for electric power applications. The fuel cell uses a catalyzed reaction between a fuel and an oxidizer to directly produce electricity. Its high theoretical efficiency and low temperature operation made it a subject of much study upon its invention ca. 1900, but its relatively high life cycle costs kept it as "solution in search of a problem" for its first half century.

    After completing this course you should have an understanding of:
    • The place of fuel cells among energy conversion technologies
    • The basic principles of fuel cell electrochemistry
    • The engineering fundamentals of fuel cell power plants for both transportation and stationary applications
    • The differing power system engineering trade-offs that drive the development of fuel cell technology for NASA's manned space program in a direction different than that for applications for "The Hydrogen Economy."
    Keywords: smart grid, Anode , Carnot Cycle , Cathode , Direct Conversion , Electrolysis , Electrolyte , Fuel , Heat Engine , Oxidant , Regenerative Fuel Cell , Thermodynamic Efficiency (hth) , Working Fluid

    For individuals not subscribed to the IEEE eLearning Library, this course is available for individual purchase.